Grannell      Family History and Genealogy

 

A Chronology of Grannell History with Historical Notes, 1065 to 1800, version 1.

 

 

1065

 

Durcan, son of Maelmhiadhaigh Ua hEolusa, chef of Muintir-Eoluis, was slain by Aedh Ua Conchobair (kg of Connaught)[1]

 

 

1085

 

Muireadhach son of Dudh, chief of Muintir-Eoluis was taken prisoner by Toitdhealbhach Ua Briain; and all Muintir-Eoluis was plundered by him[2]

 

1087

 

A battle was fought between Ruaidhri Ua Conchobair, kg of Connaught, and Aedh, son of Ua Ruairc, Lord of Conmhaicne and Breifne, at Conachail (now Cunghill, a townland in the parish of Achonry, Co. Sligo), in Corannwhere Ua Ruairs was defeated and killed. There was also slain in this battle of Corann by Ruaidhri, Muireadhach Mac Dubh, chief of Muintir-Eoluis; the son of Geoffry Ua Siriden; the son of Custleibhe O’Feargall; and distinguished men of the Conmaicni; both noble and plebian.[3]

 

1139

 

Fearghal, son of Ragnall, son of Muireadhach, chief of Muintir-Eoluis was killed by Tighearan Ua Ruairc, while under the protection of Ua Briain and the men of Briefne, both laity and clergy, relics and shrines[4]

 

1140

 

Tighrarnan Ua Ruairc with the forces of the men of Breifne, came to attack the camp of the Connaughtmen and Conmhaicni. These left the camp to them; and the southern party burned it and slew Ragnall, the grandson of Dubhdara, chief of Muintir-Eoluis, with many others[5]  

 

1146

 

Gillabrighde, son of Dudhdara, chief of muintir-Eoluis was wounded and he afterwards died at his house having plundered Cluain Coirpthe (now Kilbarry, in the parish of Termonbarry, Co. Roscommon)[6]

 

1150

 

Conchabhar Mag Raghnaill, Lord of Muinter-Eoluis was killed by Aedh, son of Tighearnan Ua Ruairc.[7]

 

1167

 

Conn Ua Maelmhiadhaigh, chief of Muintir-Eoluis, died[8]

 

1169

 

Raghnall Ua Maelmhiadhaigh, chief of Muintir-Eoluis, died after penance[9]

 

1179

 

Melaghlin O’Mulvey, chief of Muintir-Eoluis, died[10]

 

1184

 

Flourit MacRaghnaill chief of  Muinter Eolus[11]

Auliffe, the son of Farrell O’Rourke, Lord of Breifny, was treacherously slain by Mac Rannell[12]

 

1187

 

Hugh, the son of Melaghlin O’Rourke, Lord of Breifny, was slain by the sons of Con Mag Rannal[13]

 

1196

 

The chiefs of Muintir-Eoluis were treacherously slain by the sons of Cathal O’Rourke. Murray Mac Rannall, surnamed the Gillaroe, chief of Muintir-Eoluis was slain by the sons of Manus O’Conner, at the instigation of the son of Cathal O’Rourke, who had procured the deaths of the above mentioned chiefs. [14]

 

1197

 

Donnell, son of Randall Mac Rannall, was treacherously slain by the sons of MacDuvdara[15]

 

1237

 

An army led by Felim, the son of Cathal Crovderg (O’Conner) and his brothers, into Connaught, being joined by Cuconnaught O’Reilly and by Cathal Mac Randal with the Conmaicni, against the descendants of Roderic, namely, Briain, son of Turlough, Murlough and Donnell, son of Dermot, who was son of Roderic and Conor, son of Cormac who was son of Dermot.

 

They went northwards across Coirr Shliabh-na-Seaghsa (Curlew mountains) until thay arrived at Drumraitte (Drumrat, aparish in the barony of Corran) in pursuit of the  [ ] of Roderic. The descendants of Roderic sent the soldiers of the Lord Justice, who were along with them, to give battle to Felim and his forces. Felim however ordered his troops not to shoot at them at all, but to come to a close fight without delay. This was done according to his order; and the soldiers did not long sustain the charge, when they were routed towards their people. A great number were slain and among the rest Mibric[16]

 

1238

 

Donough, son of Murlough (MacDermot) went into Breifny to O’Reilly and brought a great force with him into Connaught, and plundered the people of Cluain-Coirpthi; and many of the chiefs of Muintir-Eolais were slain in pursuit of prey which had been taken in the country, as were also a great number of the Tuathas.[17]

 

1247

 

Miles Mac Costello took possession of Feadha Conmaicne (a district in Mac Rannals country), and expelled Cathal Mac Rannall from thence; the crannóg of  Cleanlough (proberly , now called Behavel lough, called Clen Lough in the Down Survey) was also taken for him, and he left those who had taken it to guard it for him. Hereupon Cathal and Turlough, two sons of  Hugh O’Connor rose up to assist Mac Rannall in expelling Mac Costello from Feadha Conmaicne. They retook the crannóg and the lake, and demolished the castle of Leckderg on the Saturday before Whit-Sunday; and Turlough went to Trinity Island to Clarus Mac Matin, the erenagh, for the English were not willing to come out of the castle, except on condition that the erenagh would protect and escort them westwards across the Shannon to Tuaim-mna (Tumna, Co. Roscommon). Soon afterwards they went away with Clarus, and the Clann-Costello were all expelled from that country,[18]

 

1265

 

Cathal MacRaghnaill chief of  Muinter Eolais died[19]

Teige Mag-Finnvor (chief of Muintir-Geren) was slain by Conor Mac Ranall and his son Donnel O’Farrell[20] 

 

 

1305

 

Fergal MacRaghnaill chief of  Muinter Eolus slain

 

1315

 

Mahon MacRaghnaill chief of  Muinter Eolus slain

 

1317

 

Raghnail MacRaghnaill chief of  Muinter Eolus deposed

 

1324

 

Raighnail Oge MacRaghnaill chief of  Muinter Eolus  slain

 

1326

 

Ivar MacRaghnaill chief of  Muinter Eolus  slain

 

1328

 

Ivar MacRaghnaill chief of  Muinter Eolus slain

 

1337

 

Cathal MacRaghnaill chief of  Muinter Eolus slain

 

1353

 

Cathal M’Ivar MacRaghnaill chief of  Muinter Eolus slain

 

1355

 

  • Conmac MacRaghnaill chief of  Muinter Eolus slain
  • Farrell, the son of Jeffery MacRannell, Primate of Armagh and representative of St. Patrick died[21]

 

 

1366

 

Malachy MacRaghnaill chief of  Muinter Eolus died

 

1384

 

Dermot MacRaghnaill Dubh chief of  Muinter Eolus died[22]

 

1401

 

Cathal Roe MacRaghnaill chief of  Muinter Eolus slain

 

1405

 

Richard MacRannell died[23]

 

1410

 

Raghnail MacRaghnaill chief of  Muinter Eolus died

 

Cumascragh MacRaghnaill chief of  Muinter Eolus died

 

1412

 

Murianus Magranyll clerk of the diocese of Ardagh

 

 

1433

 

Donald Magranill, clerk of the diocese of Ardagh[24]

 

1461

 

Cormac Magranyll canon of Ardagh, later Bishop of Ardagh

 

1465

 

Robert and Rory Magranayl clerks of Ardagh

 

1468

 

Tadg MacRaghnaill chief of  Muinter Eolus died

 

Fitz Murragh and Malachy fl.

 

1473

 

Tadg MacRaghnaill chief of  Muinter Eolus slain

 

Fergal MacRaghnaill chief of  Muinter Eolus slain

 

1492

 

William MacRaghnaill chief of  Muinter Eolus  fl.

 

1508

 

April      Maurice and Donald Mcgrannyll receive mandate form Pope Paul V

 

1528

 

Charles Reynolds Archdeacon of Kells[25]

 

1531

 

Grant of English liberty to Charles Reynolds otherwise Magranyll, bachelor of laws that he may be free of all Irish service, use and enjoy the English laws, and aquire lands and possessions[26]

 

1535

 

M’Rannell deputised by Lord  Offaly

 

Charles M’Rannell, Archdeacon of Kells, in Kilkenny was deputed by Silken Thomas, son of Garald Oge, Earl of Kildare and Lord Justice of Ireland, to seek from Pope Urban VIII, and from Charles V, Emperor of Germany, aid in arms, men and money for the expulsion of the English out of Ireland[27]

 

 

13th April            John McGranyll of Fynour, fined for the keeping of hounds

 

1541

 

15th November, Tadg MacRannell, native of the Barony of Leitrim, consecrated Bishop of Kildare.[28]

 

Pardon to Thady M’Raynylde alias M’Raynylde, Chaplin, upon surrendering his bulls of appointment to the bishopric of Kildare[29]

 

Pardon to Thady M’Raynylde, alias Reynolde[30]

 

1555

 

Grant of English liberty to Gerald Reynald otherwise Magranill[31]

 

1570

 

“The castle of the island” of Loughscur was erected by John, son of Humprey Reynolds and about the same time another castle was built by the MacRannells at Rinn, or Rhynn, in the parish of Cloon and in the Barony of Carrigallen.[32]

 

1571

 

MacRannells of Muinter Eolus captains under O’Neill (Earl of Tyrone)[33]

 

1576

 

14th May            Humprey Reynolds (Loughscur) alias Magrannell died

 

1585

 

Surrender by Brian O’Roirck, of Dromaher in the O’Roircks country, knt; of the whole country of Breny O’Roirck, and both (i.e. two) Monterolesse,  Kynolowchan, Dartrye, Montercheny, Largye, Clinarwy and Karrye, called O’Roircks country and the manors and town Dromaher, Leytrym, the Newton alias Ballennet and Ballintogher, with the intention of their being regranted to him.

 

Signed Brian O’Ruairc, dated 2 June XXVI[34]

 

 

 

 

1601

 

 

 

1610

 

James Grannell of Rosdroit, Co. Wexford, student at the Irish College Salamanca, Spain[35]

 

1629

 

5 Charles 1 - Grant to Humprey Reynolds[36]

 

1632

 

John Reynolds of Loughscur, Governor of Leitrim, son of Humprey dies[37]

 

 

 

1646

 

Charles MacRannell of Jamestown, Co. Leitrim sat amongst the Confederate leaders at Kilkenny

 

Bryan M’Rannell was chief of Muinter Eolus

 

1654

 

John Óg MacRannell was chief of that name during the Protectorate of Oliver Cromwell[38]

 

 

 

1688

 

Edmond Reynolds Esq. Represented Leitrim in King James ‘s parliament

 

1698

 

Morgan Grannell of Macmine Co. Wexford wanted for non payment of Poll Tax[39]

 

1739

 

Fr’s Thady and John Grannell working in Co. Wexford[40]

 

1741

 

17th December   Fr Thady Grannell died aged 61 years

 

1761

 

Memorial registered in the Registry of Deeds, grantor Moses Grannell of Tinteskin, Co. Wexford

 

1779

 

Memorial registered in the Registry of Deeds, grantor Moses  Grannell of Tinteskin, Co. Wexford

 

1797

 

Memorial registered in the Registry of Deeds, grantor Moses  Grannell of Tinteskin, Co. Wexford

 

1784

 

Memorial registered in the Registry of Deeds, grantor Moses  Grannell of Tinteskin, Co. Wexford[41]

 

 



[1] Annals of the Four Masters (AFM) 1065 – Dynastic confusion in Ulster

[2] AFM 1085

[3] AFM 1087

1067-87 Aed Ua Ruairc, kg of Connaught

1087 Ruaidri Ua Conchobair becomes kg of Connaught, also death of William the Conqueror

[4] AFM 1139

[5] Ibid 1140

[6] Idid 1146

[7] Ibid 1150  - AFM editors note;  Mag Raghnaill – Now Mac Rannell but more usually anglicized Reynolds. This family were seated in the southern or level part of Leitrim. 

[8] AFM 1167 – also in the same year Diarmait Mac Murchada is in Aquitaine: offers fealty to Henry II and receives to recruit help in Wales to recover the kingdom of Ui Cennselaig. In  1169 the Normans land at Bannow Bay (Co. Wexford).

[9] AFM 1169 – Ua Conchobair and Tigernain Ua Ruairc invade Ui Chennselaig; Mac Murchada submits and delivers his son Conchobar as hostage.

[10] AFM 1179 – AFM editors note: Muintir-Eoluis – The territory which afterwards became the principality of  Mac Rannell, comprised the southern half of the present Co. of Leitrim. It extended from Slieve-in-ierin and lough Allen to Slieve Carbry, and west of Ballinamuck, in the Co. of Longford, and contained the castles of Rinn, Loughscur and Leitrim, and the monasteries of Fiodhnacha Muighe Rein, now Fenagh, Maothail, now Mohill, and Cluain Conmaicne, now Cloone. The mountains of Slieve-in-ierin are placed in this territory by the ancient writers.

[11] Cronelly, Irish Family History NLI IR9262 c 11

[12] AFM 1184

[13] Ibid 1187

[14] Ibid 1196 – note Gillaroe, an Giolla Rua or red haired youth.

[15] Ibid 1197

[16] AFM 1327 – Fedlimid O Conchobair defeats Brian, son of Toirrdelbach O Conchobair at Drumrat.

[17] AFM 1238

[18] AFM 1247 – Mac Costello is a Norman family, their correct name being Nangle.

[19] Cathal Mór i.e. Charles the Great the first of his sept that assumed the surname MacRannell, which the chiefs of the family and such as were Lords of the territory used after him, He married Graman Grace, daughter of Cathal Crobh Dhearg O’Conner, King of Connaught and after 63 years Governor of his country he died (Linea Antiqua, sect 4 “Reynolds” 101-126).

 

1189 Conchabar Máenmaige Ua Conchobhair, kg of Connacht, killed by his own retainers; the sucession was  contested between his two sons Cathal Carrach and Cathal Crobderg.

1192 Cathal Crobderg Ua Conchabhair kg of Connaught.

1224 Cathal Crobderg, kg of Connaught dies and is succedded by his son Áed.

[20] AFM 1265 – note, Felim O’Connor died and was buried in the monastery of the Dominican friars at Roscommon. Hugh O’Conner his son was inaugurated King over the Connacions.

[21] AFM, editor note, a mistake of the Four masters. Public records show that Richard FitzRalph, Dean of Lichfield , Richard of Dundalk, was Primate of Armagh 1346-1360. However R. F. Cronelly, Irish Family History, IR 9292 c11 says that  Ware and others incorrectly called  the Archbishop at this time Richard Fitz Ralph.

[22] Rory O’Conner, kg of Connaught died of the plague on the night of St. Catherines festival after reining 16 years and 3 months as King of all Connaught. In consequence of this a great war afterwards broke out through all Connaught.

MacRanall Duv Dermot, son of Melaghlin, the excellent chief of Muinter Eolus for hospitality and prowess, was treacherously slain by the sons of Randall MacRannell in the doorway of the house of  Richard MacRannell (AFM, 1384). 

[23] “AD 1405 Richard Magrannell, Chieftain of  Moytryeolas, died at Christmas, by taking a surfeit of aqua vitae. Mine author sayeth that it was not aqua vitae to him, but aqua mortis” This is the first notice of aqua vite, uisce beagh, or whiskey in the Irish Annals. (Annals of Clonmacnoise, 1405)

[24] ARDAGH – Bishop of Conmaicne, that is the bishop of the see of Ardagh,which comprises the the country of the eastern Conmaicne, that is Annaly, the territory of O’Farrell, in the county of Longford; and Muinter Eolus that of MacRannell, in the Co. of Leitrim. These two familiesdescend from Cormac, the illegitimate son of Fergus, the dethroned King of Ulster, by Meave, Queen of Connaught, in the first century. The diocese of Ardagh was extended beyond the territory of these tribes at the Synod of Rath Breasil, about the year 1118 (AFM) 

[25] Charles Reynolds, Archdeacon of Kells, RC, 1528-1535, he was the first in a long line of diplomatic clerics. Lord Offaly sent Reynolds to Pope Paul III to seek absolution from excommunication.

[26] Henry VIII, membrane1, 1531-1532, Oct 9

[27] AFM 1531, Henry becomes supreme head of the Church of England.

[28] Thady Reynolds accepted Royal Supremacy and was recognized by Henry VIII as a suffragan of Archbishop Browne, of Dublin, Thady died c.1577

[29] Fiants Henry 187, 1541

[30] Fiants Henry 276, 1541

[31] Fiants Philip and Mary, 89, 1555

[32] “The castle of the island” was the scene of a dreadful massacre of the leading chiefs of Muinter Eolus, in the reign of Queen Elizabeth 1. The principal members of the sept were invited to an entertainment by John M’Rannell, but they had no sooner laid aside their arms, but they were set upon by a band of ruffians commissioned to assassinate them and inhumanely butchered. This John was a captain in the Elizabethan army and the first of the chieftains of Muinter Eolus to conform to the Established Church.

Irish Family History, R. F. Cronelly, IR9292 c11

    

[33] Calendar of State Papers (CSP) Ireland 1571-75

[34] FE 1585 (4683)

[35] In 1610, James Grannell of Rosdroit, swore an oath to serve In the Irish missions. This event took place in the Irish College of Salamanca, Spain. “El Real Colegio de San Patrico de Nobles Irlandeses” at Salamanca was founded by three Irish priests in 1592. James Grannell was a student at this college. From the oath taken we know that he was born in  Rossdroit, Co, Wexford and that his fathers name was Richard Grannell. On the 24th of April 1610 James swore to the following oath;

 

‘Ego Jacobus Gromel Hybernus literatum studiosus in oppido Responte (Rossdroit) oriundus in Provinca Laginia parentes Richardum Gromellum et Catherinam Molganum in diaecesi Fernensi operam dedi humanioribus literis annis sex praecaptoribus Matheo Roch, Dominca Johanne Power, Jacoba Clery, Nicholao Shea et Johanne Wale apputi in hoc collejum detatis meae 25 mensis vero martiu 16°  (year not given)’.

[36] Grant to Humprey Reynolds, his heirs forever also Conner McMurogh M’Graneil, Tirlough McGranell, Thady Owen M’Granell, Geoffry M’Rowry M’Granell, FerdaghM’Melaghlin Modero M’Granell, Gerrett Tirlough M’Granell, Hubert Boy M’Granell, Thady Brian McGranell. All of which lands are situate in the Co. of Leitrim, are to be held of his Majesty, as of his castle of Dublin, in fee and common soccage, subject to the conditions of plantation –May 18th 1629, Calendar of Patent Rolls (CPR) 5 Charles 1

[37] Humprey Reynolds also called MacRannell Galda was Governor of Muinter Eolus and the whole of the County of Leitrim under Queen Elizabeth. His father was Thomas who was the first in his family to leave out the addition of Mac and instead of  Rannell called himself Reynolds, presuant to an Act of Parliament made in Queen Elizabeths reign for which  and for civilizing his family and bringing his country to the obedience of the crown of England, and introducing the English customs and fashions amongst them he was called MacRannell Galda, or the English Magrannell. He married Amelia daughter of Sir Oliver Welshe of Moyvalley in the county of Kildare, knt, by his wife the Earl of Kildares daughter by whome he had issue. Besides Humprey, Thomas had another son called Owen, father of John, who had a son Thomas. (Linea Antiqua, sect 4 “Reynolds”  120-121)

 

John Reynolds captain in the Elizabethian army and the first of his family to join the established church, died in 1632 and had a son called Henry .

This John was known as ‘Seaghan na gCeann’ (John of the Heads) on account of a dreadful massacre he instigated of the leading chiefs of his tribe at his castle of Loughscur . (O’Harts pedigrees Reynolds genealogy) 

[38] St. Columcille foretold of an Irish-Englishman would destroy the monastery of Fenagh. The comarbship of Fenagh was the heredity right of the O’Rody family, and Tadg O’Rody the chief representative of the sept in the beginning of the 18th century felt satisfied that John Oge M’Rannell was the person to fulfill the prophesy. He informs us that John’s father was a true Gael (FiorGaedhal) and that his mother, Russel was an English Lady (BeanGalda) and that he John was the first to send the English to Fenagh during the Cromwellian Wars, that it was at his invitation and advice that they came hither, and that he afterwards regretted having invited them to settle in Muinter Eolus. (marginal note by Tadg O’Rody in the Book of Fenegh IR89162 G10 and Cronellys Irish Family histories IR9292 c11).

 

Book of Fenagh

 

An Abbot will be born in Fidnacha,

Who will collect thy tributes,

In the time of Domhnall of Findross

And of Conchobar of Cruachan,

Then will come a Gall-Gaidhel,

By whom thy place will be  destroyed,

Therafter thou shalt have great luck

And thy relics shall be powerful.

[39] In 1698, a Morgan Grannell is listed in a Poll Tax return for the Corporation of Enniscorty. On a small slip of vellum the following was recorded; ‘list of the inhabitants of Macmine of what are not to be found distresses for ye 2nd Quarterly Poll Tax, 1698  - Morgan Grannell, Runn away 6d.’.

 

[40] A manuscript found in the Franciscan Convent in Wexford lists the clergy of the Diocese who in 1739 subscribed £1-2s-6d each for a purpose not stated in the document. Amongst the 17 Pastores mentioned we find a John and Thady Grannell.

 

Father Thady Grannell, buried in Templeshanbo graveyard. He died on the 17th December 1741 aged 61.

 

Bishop Nicholas Sweetman (1745-1786) recorded the following on a visit to the diocese of Ferns in 1753;

 

‘July ye 8th. 1753 – I confirmed and visited at Bowly-Philip (Newtownbarry) with Rev, John  Grannell, where things were well, and Rev. Martin Redmond gives a good Irish sermon’

 

This was one off the more favorable comments made by the Bishop. It is interesting to note that in 1753 a good part of the diocese of Ferns was Irish speaking and evidently Bishop Sweetman was himself an Irish speaker.

 

[41] Between 1761 and 1784 four Memorials were registered in the Registry Of Deeds Office, in Heinretta St. Dublin. They all concern Moses Grannell of Tinteskin, Kilmuckridge.

 

The 1761 Memorial records a land grant from Mogue Grannell to Pierce Laffan.

 

‘A memorial of Articles of Agreement……whereby Moses Grannel by the name described Mogue Grannel of Tinekeniny, Co. of Wexford, farmer demised lett unto Pierce Laffan of Tineskena

…witnessed by ? Dempsey of Killmuckridge , Co Wexford’.

 

 

The 1779 memorial is from Moses to Garret Grannell, with rent due to Lord Viscount Valentia and the grant witnessed by Daniel McAuly of Littermore and John Bolger of Ballygarran, all in the Co, Of Wexford.

 

The 1797 Memorial is from Grannell to Murphy and reads as follows;

 

‘A Memorial of Indentured Articles of Agreement bearing date the ninth day of October 1797 made between Moses Grannell of Tonteskeen in the co. of Wexford farmer and Patrick Murphy  of Tenkskin aforesaid farmer whereby the said Moses Grannell  did demise grant lett and to farm let unto the said Patrick Murphy that part of the town and lands of Teneskin…. containing be estimation sixacres be the same more or less which said lands are situate in the barony of Ballaghkeene and co. Wexford to hold from 25 day of September  last for 24 years at a yearly rent of four pounds sterling which said articles of agreement is witnessed by John Murphy of Garrybran and Michael Lacy of Ballyshagh both in the Co. Wexford etc etc…..’.

 

The 1784 memorial was from Grannell to Murphy, for all his lands in Tenteskin. After his death his farm was to pass to Patrick Murphy and James Grannell, Moses or Mogue owed title to these lands by virtue of the lease granted to him by Lord Valentia, these lands are situated in the Barony of Ballaghkeen, Co. Wexford.

 

Registry of Deeds, 1779, vol. 330/63/220152

Registry of Deeds, 1797, vol. 324/437/217419

Registry of Deeds, 1777-1785, Vol. 365/1/24274